Lyme disease – Lyme disease is an infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochete that is found in deer ticks of genus Ixodes. Lyme disease was named in 1977 after arthritis was observed in clusters in children in Lyme, Connecticut. An infected tick can transmit B. burgdorferi to the humans and animals. Lyme disease is most prevalently found in north-eastern North America Lyme disease accounts for approximately 16,000 infections in the United States per year.
A spirochete first identified in 1982. A tick borne zoonotic disease characterized by distinctive skin lesion (ECM), systemic symptoms, polyarthritis, neurological and cardiac involvement, malaise, fatigue, fever, headache, stiff neck, myalgia, migratory arthralgia or lymphadenopathy lasting several weeks and may precede lesions; neurological and cardiac abnormalities weeks to months after onset of ECM; chronic arthritis may develop